HSBC is one of the world’s largest financial institutions, with profits dominated from Asia. The bank did not need state aid during the financial crisis compared to other global banks. A strong capital position combined with ample liquidity will be crucial for HSBC's competitive edge when Basel 3 is implemented. A strong EM distribution network will aid bank insurance penetration and RMB trade settlement businesses. However, an asset bubble scenario in China coupled with aggressive lending by local banks, is a risk.